Category Archives: SuDS

Rugby Phase 4 – Carefully designed SuDS accepted as POS by Local Authority.

Landscape Architects, Liz Lake Associates have been involved in a long collaboration with St Modwen Homes on the Rugby Urban Expansion. The current four phases have involved working closely with the Architects, Engineers and Client, as well as the Local Authority, on this transformative project. The most recent triumph for the latest phase was the successful inter-disciplinary design coordination between LLA and the Drainage Engineers Waldeck. An attenuation basin was required to take surface water run-off and, due to the topography, it needed to be sited at the entrance to the scheme. Sensitive landscape design was therefore imperative to create an attractive arrival point; this phase of the scheme was also very compact and required as much open space creation as possible.

Detention Basin

With careful design detailing LLA put forward a solution with appropriate contouring and water tolerant planting to create a dished area which would provide open space for the development, but also serve as a seasonal water attenuation basin when needed. Quoting the newly published ‘Guidance for Outdoor Sport and Play: Beyond the Six Acre Standard’ by the Fields in Trust, October 2015, LLA advocated that “Open space can also provide dual use for Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems” and thus the open space calculations made by the Local Authority were met for this scheme.

Rugby Phase 4 Boardwalk Sketch idea

Getting up to speed on CDM and SuDS

I have been tasked with writing about the Draft Guidance on the Construction (Design and Management) (CDM) Regulations 2015 and the outcome of the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) consultation on Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS). Not the most entertaining of topics but both important to us as landscape architects working in the development and construction industries.

Blog Suds1

The 2015 CDM Regs come into force on the 6th April and whilst the draft guidance is awaiting Parliamentary approval little change is expected. ‘Dutyholders’ are defined as Clients, Domestic clients, Designers, Principal Designers (formerly CDM coordinators), Principal Contractors, Wholesale NFL Jerseys Contractors and Workers. Under each phase – Pre-Construction Information, the Construction Phase Plan and the Health & Safety File the responsibilities of each Dutyholder are set out.   Worth noting for the designers is that ‘If a Domestic Client fails to make the appointments required by Regulation 5 the Designer in control of the pre-construction phase of the project is the Principal Designer’. There are 39 Regulations covering site topics and explanatory Schedules and Appendices; it is a clear and easy-to-read document that we all need to implement so there are no excuses for not reading it.

While the CDM Regs succinctly build on an existing system, the government response to the DEFRA SuDS consultation confirms just how much there is still to untangle and agree. 71% of respondents felt the proposal to have planning authorities approve and inspect new SuDS would not deliver the right solution. Lack of appropriate resources is a key issue and there are proposals ‘to put in place a capacity-building programme to be delivered with trusted partners before any change comes into effect’.

On a positive note the existing National Standards will be the basis for ‘clear and straightforward planning guidance.’ An option to make ‘Lead Local Flood Authorities a statutory consultee for planning applications on surface water management’ is to be investigated.

Blog Suds2

62% of respondents, including me, were not in favour of an exemption for SuDS on small developments because of the cumulative effect. The government response is that ‘on balance’ the changes in planning policy should only apply to developments of 10+ units. Since the requirement for Section 106 contributions for affordable

housing will be dropped for sites of 9 or less units (with some exceptions) perhaps this is to help release a log-jam of small sites held up in the system. Let’s hope small sites will require SuDS schemes in the future.

There was strong support for the different options put forward for adoption of SuDS features; the flexible approach was welcomed; these were briefly outlined in one of our previous blogs.   The government proposes to prepare a Written Ministerial Statement to Parliament setting out next steps and the date that changes to planning policy would come into effect. Well its

progress of a sort and something had to happen but quite how it will all pan out remains to be seen.

 

Draft Guidance on the CDM Regulations 2015: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/draft-l153.pdf.

 

Consultation on delivering Sustainable Drainage Systems: A summary of responses to the consultation and the government response 18 December 2014: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/388941/suds-consult-sum-resp-201412.pdf

 

The original DEFRA consultation document:

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It’s SuDS again

Sorry but it is SuDS (Sustainable Drainage Systems) once again.  DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) has a consultation paper out proposing to abandon the implementation of SABs (SuDS Approval Boards) and to make the approval of SuDS part of the planning process and that if agreed this would be implemented by spring 2015.

It is proposed that the requirement for SuDS would apply only to major development – residential developments of 10+ houses and equivalent non-residential and/or mixed developments with drainage implications.

SuDS at Cambourne

The proposal is that sewerage undertakers, the Environment Agency, the highway authority, the Canal and River Trust and the internal drainage boards should become consultees on the SuDS design during the planning process presumably to encourage more joined-up thinking.

 

The implementation would be covered by a condition which would also define who would maintain the SuDS. Wholesale NFL Jerseys Who adopts a SuDS and pays for the maintenance has been the  sticking point and the DEFRA paper proposes that:

  • A private Service Management Company  that maintains the external areas of properties could take on the SuDS as part of the annual service charge paid by householders
 
  • a commuted sum could be paid by the developer to a Maintenance Company to take on the maintenance
 
  • the developer could pay for one of the local Water or Sewerage Companies to a) build a SuDS (which they have the power to do as a statutory function)  and then b) maintain it; the Company would then absorb the maintenance cost in the surface water drainage element of all household water bills
 
  • Alternatively a Water or Sewerage Company could offer its services ‘privately’ as a Service Management Company and only charge those householders who are the beneficiaries of the service
 
  • A local authority could take on responsibility for the maintenance of a SuDS as part of their wider public open space and amenity management function and/or where the SuDS provides advantages for the wider community
 
  • Private property owners or occupiers should maintain their own SuDS that do not drain on to other properties.
 

The last section is about ‘[E]nsuring that maintenance costs are reasonable’. It makes the point that SuDS should be the cheaper option and asks for examples to support this statement.  This issue really does need to be resolved and the consultation paper provides a way forward.

If you have an interest in where this issue might be going, respond to the online survey by the 24th October 2014.

 

Read the consultation here:

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Carers sought for orphan SuDs

SuDS are still a hot topic in proposed development but blighted by the non-implementation of the SuDS Approval Boards (SABs). Need a translation? Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) which are part of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) are now needed on every development proposal. The Water and Flood Management Act 2010 allowed for the setting up of SABs. Their role will be to separately approve proposals for Sustainable Drainage Systems for every planning application.

SuDS

The SABs are delayed as the different authorities discuss who will pay for the maintenance. In the meantime we have ‘orphan’ SuDs features with no-one assuming the responsibility for the long term. Many developers find it hard to embrace SuDS as they can reduce the extent of developable land. Add in the current nightmare of getting the features adopted it is easy to see why they might have a point.

 

SuDS

I went to photograph a SuDS solution http://www.cialisgeneriquefr24.com/tadalafil-bangkok/ on a local housing development. Two detention basins which are permanently wet have been constructed each side of the main access to the estate. To reduce the land-take gabions filled with granite setts have been used on two sides to create a retaining wall. The other sides are conventional but fairly steep grass slopes that, like the gabions, are covered at times of flood. The result is very effective; it is well planted with a fringe of marginal planting, creates a landmark entrance feature for the estate on each side of the access road, contributes to the street-scene and ticks the biodiversity boxes. Well almost – one pond is full of goldfish which I don’t believe was in

the Design & Access statement.

SuDS

The last time I drove by a considerable expanse of water was in view but now it is hard to see. In the meantime bulrush (Typha gracilis) and common reed (Phragmites) have

colonised the perimeter of the two ponds very successfully. The Phragmites will not grow in water deeper than 1.5m and it has marched out to the limit of its ideal growing conditions. As a habitat reed beds have a very high biodiversity value but if not monitored scrub will invade and eventually develop as woodland losing the SuDS function. We are adding new water based features that provide habitat for fast growing wetland plants. As designers we need to think about access to these features on tightly packed housing estates and the techniques of how they will be maintained. The different authorities might still be arguing about who is going to pay for maintenance; meanwhile nature is carrying on regardless.

SuDS

 

Links….. Water sensitive urban design: www.landscapeinstitute.org/PDF/Contribute/Waterbriefing14February2014000.pdf www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDTnOzYTR4

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