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Marconi – The home of radio broadcasting

The importance of radio communication to the City of Chelmsford is significant as a key part of the culture and history in this part of Essex and deservedly so. The decision of Guglielmo Marconi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guglielmo_Marconi to set up a factory in Chelmsford saw the creation of thousands of jobs in the local area which increased local economy greatly. Indeed, the first entertainment radio broadcast took place at the Marconi factory on New Street in 1920, sparking the wireless revolution.

Marconi's Map

We fast forward to 2008, when the factory closed its doors for the final time and the site fell into a state of disrepair before its sale to property developers, Bellway Homes. I visited the site in 2012 before the current development, for which Liz lake Associates are the Landscape Architects began at a pace.

The walk around the site was eerie. It is surprising how many pioneer species of plants can reinstate themselves in an urban environment in only a 4 year period. The factories lay bare with paint peeling from the walls and the art deco accommodation blocks blemished by graffiti tags. What stuck with me most from the site visit was entering Guglielmo Marconi’s gloomy office, where above the mantelpiece a topographic map of the world still hung, illustrating how far radio signals could travel around the earth. It was at this point that I realized that this site is not just of local importance, but of global importance owing to the radio providing a major leap towards making our world feel smaller and more connected.

Old Marconi Factory

Our landscape proposals in part followed the concept of radio signals and as construction is now taking place on site, we are able to see the radio wave (a wavy blue line that runs through site) and transmission nodes (blue ‘explosions’ where radio waves meet) being implemented on the ground. It is exciting to see such an important development for Chelmsford and for our company begin to take shape and I am looking forward to seeing the implementation of the commercial landscape and in particular the urban garden at the heart of the development.

Marconi blue lines

But as much as we can imply the history of a site through our physical intervention in the urban landscape, the radio is a source of entertainment and culture that can only be truly represented via broadcasting. That is why we are supporting Chelmsford Community Radio with their kickstart campaign that aims to bring radio broadcasting back to the place where it all began. On the site there is a disused water tower which is a listed building and has been offered to Chelmsford Community Radio as a new broadcasting studio! They need to raise funds to install a mezzanine floor into the Marconi Water Tower that will house a new Radio Academy in Chelmsford.

Water Tower

If you wish to donate, you can do so on their kickstart page: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/857547424/marconi-water-tower-community-radio-station-extra?ref=video

It is well worth watching the video on their donation page as it shows the construction site at Marconi, which is very interesting to see as it shows what is going on behind the hoardings. If you can, please help this worthy project bring radio broadcasting back to the Marconi site.

Visit the Liz Lake Associates project page on the site: https://www.lizlake.com/projects/marconi-site/

Confessions of a green roofer

Yes a confession and I have been on my knees to make amends. Since handing over the landscape architects practice this time last year there have been many changes in my life with, one would think, more time for things other than work. But life is never that simple and so it is with some embarrassment that I confess I have not been up on my ‘green

roof’ for over a year.

Planted in March 2011 it has established and developed remarkably well considering it has very little maintenance.

Green Roof

In the first year weekly maintenance was required to get it established but since then I have only cut back the dead stems and removed some unwanted visitors each spring.

Subscribing to the ‘Let It All Fight It Out’ school of maintenance I am happy to see what survives and arrives. The depth of topsoil at 50 mm to 75mm is now a mat of vegetation but the shallowness means the plants have to be more able to tolerate extremes of moisture and temperature. Plants like thyme, oregano, Dianthus and thrift have not survived. The birds pecked out the Sysirinchium very early on and it was too shallow for small bulbs like Iris reticulata but four years on two clumps of Muscari have appeared from nowhere.

Green Roof 2

Apart from the squirrel who unfailingly buries conkers every year the type of unwanted visitors has changed as the flora has developed. In the bare soil period plants I acheter viagra do not usually see in the garden like fat hen, rape, groundsel and chickweed blew in from the neighbouring farmland. As the bareareas diminished dandelion, dock and thistle moved in. The tap roots on these descend through the soil and on hitting the waterproof layer turn a right angle. Soil depth is no bar to strong

growth for these three. Last year ash seedlings were the problem and this time it is sycamore. 230 seedlings were removed; at a density of 22 plants/m2 no wonder it is such an invasive and successful species.

Bloody cranesbill and clover have established and viagra generique pas cher sur paris the original species that have survived well are Sedum acre, Wholesale NFL Jerseys Sedum album Coral Carpet, mugwort and chives. It was probably a mistake to have scattered a packet of chive seeds as the roof is now overrun with it.

Green Roof 3

On the 2011 photo you will see bark forming an inner path.

I changed that to a ‘stepping stone’ pattern infilling with soil and plants which looks better but the reality is that I do have to get down on my hands and knees to micro-weed and some sort of ‘path’ is necessary. On the path some plants have survived but moss is more common. Raised as a child on tray gardens I am more than happy with this mini-textural landscape.

Green RoofGreen_Roof_5

I do promise to get up on the roof more often to see just what is flowering and thriving and to share this with you. 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Minister endorses landscape policy

Well, who would think an election was around the corner?   Brandon Lewis MP, Minister of State for Housing and Planning has written to Simon Ridley, Chief Executive of the Planning Inspectorate voicing concerns on how landscape issues are addressed in the planning appeal process.

Bedruthan Steps

‘I have become aware of several recent appeal cases in which harm to landscape character has been an important consideration in the appeal being dismissed’ Lewis writes. He intends to publicise these cases more widely through the Planning Advisory Service (no sign of them to date); it will be interesting to see if they include one or two decisions that have passed through this practice where the considerable harm to Wholesale NFL Jerseys the landscape was acknowledged by the Inspector but this was ‘outweighed’ by the need to meet our renewable energy targets.

It is surprising that this has not been picked up in the wider press but cynicism on the timing needs to be set aside: this is an important message to Inspectorate that significant adverse effects on the landscape should not be ignored. Lewis refers to one of the 12 core principles in

paragraph 17 of the National Planning Policy Framework ‘that plans and decisions should take into account the different roles and character of different areas, and recognise the intrinsic character and beauty of the countryside – to ensure that development is suitable for the local context’.

He also refers to the need to consider landscapes outside the protected National Parks, Areas of

Outstanding Natural Beauty and Heritage Coasts where ‘the impact of development on the landscape can be an important material consideration’. The idea that all landscapes matter is a key theme of the European Landscape Convention (ELC) which the UK government formally embraced in 2007 so it is gratifying to see the concept followed through in the planning process.

Stansted

Releasing the relevant appeal decisions is also intended to ‘promote greater understanding of how landscape character can be taken into account by local planning authorities in their decisions’. Landscape Character Assessment provides the baseline data against which the impact of development on landscape character is assessed; it is encouraging that planning officers are being asked to take more account of these assessments in their decision making.

Landscape architects are often on the frontline in providing a view on the impact on landscape character and visual amenity from controversial proposals. The aim is to locate development ‘in the right place’ but it is always a balance. As Lewis writes ‘[T]hese cases also reflect the wider emphasis on delivering sustainable outcomes at the heart of the Framework, which means taking full account of the environmental as well as the economic and social dimensions of development proposals. And, of course, these roles should not be undertaken in isolation – the economic factors can secure higher social and

environmental standards’. A slight get-out in that last sentence? We shall see.

Derwent

Letter from Brandon Lewis MP: Minister of State or Housing and Planning to Simon Ridley: Chief Executive of the Planning Inspectorate dated 27th March 2015:

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachmentdata/file/418657/150327BrandonLewisMPtoSimon_Ridley.pdf

Landscape Institute policy statement on the European Landscape Convention:

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