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Reality Rendered

How do we convincingly visualise an environment that doesn’t – yet – exist in the actual world? This is a huge challenge – though one, as landscape architects, we regularly face and are now  industry leaders.

As we said in an earlier post, at the start of a project, we can quickly produce hand drawn sketches.  These enable us to work out and consolidate our initial thoughts and impressions as well as further our understanding of the project’s requirements.  However, as good as these can look, they can lack many essential details.  In order to give our clients a lifelike image of a project that reflects the three-dimensional world we inhabit.

CGI_Render_2

Our lead 3D Visualiser, Steve Woodhouse, is responsible for creating these images for Liz Lake Associates.  His keen eye for design, experience and imagination, along with powerful processing and cutting edge software such as 3D Studio Max, VRay and Photoshop, combine to create stunning rendered images with a realistic, even photorealistic quality.

As you will appreciate, the visuals are not produced quickly.  Even with the enormous technical power now at our disposal, it can mean leaving a computer working overnight to process the required image.  But the results are worth the wait, as you can see.

CGI_Render_1

Once the landscape structure has been produced, we sometimes use Photoshop or other specialist software, to add final details such as people, trees or bespoke planting – this ensures the image looks as true-to-life and accurate as possible.  Depending on the precise level of realism required, we will show the people as opaque to add a photographic effect or more transparent to give an illustrative appearance.  Proportion and scale are imperative and shape the final result, which is why the skill of the visualiser is of paramount importance.  We are known for our attention to detail and this is mirrored in the unique visuals we produce.

CGI_Render_3

Today, 3D visuals are increasingly in demand, not just in architecture but also film – think blockbusters – as well as TV, advertising and, of course, gaming.  But what next?  Augmented reality is almost upon us, no longer science fiction but now science fact.  So while the results we can achieve today are impressive, the next generation of software promise to take us to another level of reality altogether!

CGI_Render_4

Carers sought for orphan SuDs

SuDS are still a hot topic in proposed development but blighted by the non-implementation of the SuDS Approval Boards (SABs). Need a translation? Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) which are part of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) are now needed on every development proposal. The Water and Flood Management Act 2010 allowed for the setting up of SABs. Their role will be to separately approve proposals for Sustainable Drainage Systems for every planning application.

SuDS

The SABs are delayed as the different authorities discuss who will pay for the maintenance. In the meantime we have ‘orphan’ SuDs features with no-one assuming the responsibility for the long term. Many developers find it hard to embrace SuDS as they can reduce the extent of developable land. Add in the current nightmare of getting the features adopted it is easy to see why they might have a point.

 

SuDS

I went to photograph a SuDS solution http://www.cialisgeneriquefr24.com/tadalafil-bangkok/ on a local housing development. Two detention basins which are permanently wet have been constructed each side of the main access to the estate. To reduce the land-take gabions filled with granite setts have been used on two sides to create a retaining wall. The other sides are conventional but fairly steep grass slopes that, like the gabions, are covered at times of flood. The result is very effective; it is well planted with a fringe of marginal planting, creates a landmark entrance feature for the estate on each side of the access road, contributes to the street-scene and ticks the biodiversity boxes. Well almost – one pond is full of goldfish which I don’t believe was in

the Design & Access statement.

SuDS

The last time I drove by a considerable expanse of water was in view but now it is hard to see. In the meantime bulrush (Typha gracilis) and common reed (Phragmites) have

colonised the perimeter of the two ponds very successfully. The Phragmites will not grow in water deeper than 1.5m and it has marched out to the limit of its ideal growing conditions. As a habitat reed beds have a very high biodiversity value but if not monitored scrub will invade and eventually develop as woodland losing the SuDS function. We are adding new water based features that provide habitat for fast growing wetland plants. As designers we need to think about access to these features on tightly packed housing estates and the techniques of how they will be maintained. The different authorities might still be arguing about who is going to pay for maintenance; meanwhile nature is carrying on regardless.

SuDS

 

Links….. Water sensitive urban design: www.landscapeinstitute.org/PDF/Contribute/Waterbriefing14February2014000.pdf www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDTnOzYTR4

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Carers sought for orphan SuDs

SuDS are still a hot topic in proposed development but blighted by the non-implementation of the SuDS Approval Boards (SABs). Need a translation? Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) which are part of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) are now needed on every development proposal. The Water and Flood Management Act 2010 allowed for the setting up of SABs. Their role will

be to separately approve proposals for Sustainable Drainage Systems for every planning application. The SABs are delayed as the different authorities discuss who will pay for the maintenance. In the meantime we have ‘orphan’ SuDs features with no-one assuming the responsibility for the long term. Many developers find it hard to embrace SuDS as they can reduce the extent of developable land. Add in the current nightmare of getting the features adopted it is easy to see why they might have a point. I went to photograph a SuDS solution on a local housing development. Two detention basins which are permanently wet have been constructed each side of the main access to the estate. To reduce the land-take gabions filled with granite setts have been used on two sides to create a retaining wall. The other sides are conventional but fairly steep grass slopes that, like the gabions, are covered at times of flood. The result is very effective; it is well planted with a fringe of marginal planting, creates a landmark entrance feature for the estate on each side of the access road, contributes to the street-scene and ticks the biodiversity boxes. Well almost – one pond is full of goldfish which I don’t believe was in the Design & Access statement. The last time I drove by a considerable expanse of water was in view but now it is hard to see. In the meantime bulrush (Typha gracilis) and common reed (Phragmites) have colonised the perimeter of the two ponds very successfully. The Phragmites will not grow in water deeper than Wholesale NFL Jerseys 1.5m and it has marched out to the limit of its ideal growing conditions. As a habitat reed beds have a very high biodiversity value but if not monitored scrub will invade and eventually develop as woodland losing the SuDS function. We are adding new water based features that provide habitat for fast growing wetland plants. As designers we need to think about access to these features on tightly packed housing estates and the techniques of how they will be maintained. The different authorities might still be arguing about who is going to pay for maintenance; meanwhile nature is carrying on regardless.

Links….. Water sensitive urban design www.landscapeinstitute.org/PDF/Contribute/Waterbriefing14February2014000.pdf www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDTnOzYTR4 The Cambridgeshire SAB experience www.sudsnet.abertay.ac.uk/presentations/National%20Conf%202012/Session1Making%20SABS%20WorkInPracticeTheExperienceOfCambridgeshireMorganWillis.pdfvar 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Why do we sketch by hand?

Is it surprising to learn that with so much sophisticated software available at our fingertips, some landscape architects still prefer to sketch their initial thoughts by hand!  With many powerful software packages available, isn’t sketching, perhaps, a little old-fashioned? After all, many people are proud to proclaim that that they rarely handwrite anything, let alone draw.

Well, fashions come and go but we believe at Liz Lake Associates that sketching is a vital and inspiring step in the design process. This is particularly true during the early stages, as it helps us develop and clarify our own understanding of the project.

When we begin working with clients, we will visit the site under discussion and will thoroughly explore the landscape context. We will take in every aspect – evaluating the views, both in and out of site, the geology, the climate, even when and where the sun sets to maximise the site setting.  Sketching at this stage informs our masterplanning process, helping us to create a holistic design that aesthetically and functionally is in harmony with the surrounding environment.

Take a look at some of our sketches. They vary, of course, there is no one style of sketch. Some will be drawn quickly, produced with a pen and a dash of inspiration.

William Guy Gardens

William Guy Gardens, Bow for LLDC

Others will use colour and show more detail.

Ponds Manor, Clavering

Ponds Manor, Clavering

Sketch_Gregorysbank

Residential Central Open Space for St Modwen Homes

Barnsbury Complex

Barnsbury Complex for Mount Anvil

   

The Galleries, Brentwood

The Galleries for City & Country

However simple or detailed, they are not the end solution, nor are they art, but they do help us to capture and communicate an idea or a vision of what we want to achieve. Ultimately they could be discarded, superseded, put on a file or even displayed by the client at the end of the project. They certainly capture a moment in time.

If an idea comes to into your mind, you may jot it down, either on paper on onto a laptop, tablet or even a phone. It is the same with our sketches. They are our thoughts made real, to develop, polish and enhance at a later stage of the process.

We will be returning to this subject in future posts.

The eyes have it

I caught the last week of the National Gallery’s exhibition ‘Making Colour’ which has set me thinking about colour in our plans today. Using paintings from the Gallery’s collection, the exhibition explained how developments in the way in which paint was produced over the levitra 5mg buy x 4 centuries changed the range of techniques available to painters. As new ingredients such as minerals, plants, insects and more recently, manmade chemicals were introduced new colours and finishes allowed painters to adapt and develop new methods of representation. We are no different with our

exploitation of the colour palette in our work.

Colour Wheel

There was also a reminder that the eye sees colours differently depending on the adjacent colour and the preceding colour we have seen.Wholesale NFL Jerseys If that was not enough each person sees colour uniquely and one in ten men has a form of colour blindness.

Colour Theory

Back in the office a client had asked for a hand drawn plan to be altered. Fortunately we had kept a plan with the Pantone numbers but someone (not unreasonably) had topped up the ink in the felt-tips so when the alterations were added it was quite a different colour from the original. Some fudging on the computer in Photoshop rescued the colours but without that it would have been re-colouring the plan from scratch.

The colours used in CAD are fascinating. In theory the range is huge but on a complex plan it always feels there are not enough to choose from. To make a contrast we use complementary colours which would be opposite each other on a colour wheel but colours of a similar hue like orange or a rust blur together. Well I think they do – who knows whether I see the same as you. On a CAD plan the planning consultant commented that the colours ‘did not work’. We looked at the plan and were quite baffled; they looked fine to us but having been to the exhibition I was prepared to accept that it might not work for them. We reduced the colours of a similar hue and increased the complementary colours. The plan passed muster.

Our generation is no different from painters over the centuries; we are enjoying the challenge of technology to find new ways of being creative. And from the exhibition it is clear that scientists are on the brink of finding out much more on how the eye

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Getting the data right

‘Always go back to source data’

was one of the most valuable pieces of advice I received early on in my career and it is still true today now that we all rely on the internet for finding baseline data.

On a recent project I went to the National Heritage List (NHL)

on the English Heritage website to download information on listed buildings.  When I met the client on site my list was incomplete.  I cannot praise the NHL too highly – it must have been so much work to put it together and it is such a useful resource but be aware that any data site has limitations.

Do check the NHL map as well as the list of descriptions as it might show more features nearby outside of the area covered by the name you have typed in.  I find using the map painful but I suspect that I am low down the scale in terms of patience and skill to do this easily.  Each listing has a map with a tiny triangle that marks the location of the building but the footprint is not designated. The website warns that downloading a pdf of the map will take some time.  Put it this way, if you have a number of maps to download it will be possible to have several cups of tea in the process.

As landscape architects are usually interested in the setting of a listed building it is important to determine why a building is listed. Wholesale NFL Jerseys Sometimes it is only an end wall or a fireplace that is the reason for the listing but you would only know this by reading the description.

Any building or structure built prior to 1948 might be considered ‘within the curtilage of a listed building’.  These will not be on the NHL but will need to be taken into account, particularly those structures that are contemporaneous with the listed building.  EH have helpful

advice on their website but even this is not definitive.

The ‘Magic’ website is an invaluable source of information but a friend was embarrassingly tripped up because the Tree Preservation Order information was not on Magic but still in paper form at the local planning office and he had failed to pick it up.  Public Rights of

Way are another danger area.  All my working life there has been backlog in the updating of the ‘Definitive map’ with rights of way revisions and diversions.  It would be cheering to think that with the advent of the internet this would be quicker but with all the local government cuts, how would we know?

In the 1970s I worked for consulting engineers when computers were just starting to come into the workplace.  The senior partner sent down an edict that all structural calculations had to done on the back of an envelope by a senior person to ensure that the zero was in the right place.  I think the message was that with computers common sense has to prevail and that advice is as true today as it was 40 years ago.

The National Heritage List:

www.english-heritage.org.uk/professional/protection/process/national-heritage-list-for-england/

Get the data right

Magic database: www.magic.gov.uk/

Magic Website

Advice on curtilage:

www.english-heritage.org.uk/professional/advice/hpg/consentandplanningpermission/lbc/

English Heritage Website

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