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What are Newt Credits?

‘’Woodlands and wetlands must sometimes be sacrificed to make way for new housing’’ the Times newspaper reported last week from a speech by Owen Patterson, the UK Environment Secretary to the Policy Exchange think tank.   Nothing new there then but the latest idea, apparently, is that developers who destroy ‘beauty spots’ offset this by paying for the improvement or expansion of similar areas elsewhere.  Offsetting already happens and has happened for forty years. These were isolated sites but now the idea is that individual developers will contribute to one larger scale area of habitat creation or improvement. Nicknamed ‘newt credits’ wildlife groups are up in arms saying complex habitats developed over hundreds of years cannot be replicated easily and they suggest that sites of low ecological value and brownfield sites should be used first.

Great Crested Newt

Comments like this from senior politicians appear to display an apparent lack of knowledge of life at the grass roots level.  They seem to have little idea of the volume of information required for any form of development.  Baseline surveys are required to address ecological, landscape, visual and heritage issues and that’s just our area of expertise.  There is also traffic, noise, hydrology, flood risk, contamination, construction access and so much more.Wholesale NFL Jerseys  Our role is to try to retain the most important landscape features and habitats, reduce the visual effects of development, influence the design for the best outcome and create new landscapes that benefit both people and biodiversity.

So what was the real purpose of this speech?  In my view it was a political message to soften up the general public to the notion that we are in for a massive phase of building construction and as the development of brownfield sites is becoming exhausted we need to build on the countryside. But this has to be in the right place and with the aim of setting new development within a green infrastructure that includes conserving features and landscapes of value.  It might mean building over a wider area but we should accept this for a living environment that is diverse, ecologically rich and provides people with green open space.  As that Joni Mitchell song, Big Yellow Taxi, goes:

‘They took all the trees, put ‘em in a tree museum and they charged the people a dollar and a half just to see them – don’t it always seem to go that you don’t know what you’ve got till it’s gone’.

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A French Fix

I have been out and about again. I was invited to join members of the Capability Brown 300 Steering Group on a recce to see how the French have celebrated the 400th anniversary of the birth of their great landscape designer, André Le Nôtre and what lessons could be learnt for the celebration of Brown’s achievements in 2016.

On the way to the first exhibition at the municipal library in Versailles, we passed the most extraordinary display of computer generated images on the public wall of Le Potager du Roi. It was worth the trip just for this; let’s hope they come to the UK. The exhibition of Le Nôtre’s Labyrinthe de Versailles was no less intriguing except that part of the exhibition was clips from films like The Shining and Harry Potter. These included scenes with mazes and labyrinths which, without exception, were sinister or terrifying; it will be some time before I go back in a maze.

The main exhibition at Versailles was erudite and scholarly but all in French. We had the benefit of an English guide but if you go, an audio guide will be essential. Some people thought there were too many plans but for me there could not be enough; they were enchanting. The French authorities only allow original plans to be on display for eight weeks so a new set will appear in January. The last room looked at Le Nôtre’s legacy, his influence continuing, it was claimed,Wholesale NFL Jerseys through to the layout of Washington DC in the US (possibly) and even Ground Zero in New York (mmm….).

The Chateau de Vaux le Vicomte, which is 55km south east of Paris, is still very grand but easier to understand then Versailles particularly as their exhibition had an English translation. There was also a superb model with lighting effects that provided a clear explanation of how the design was developed. Le Nôtre had an exceptional understanding of topography and how it could be manipulated to create a landscape full of optical illusion and surprise.

We know Capability Brown was aware of Le Nôtre’s work but it seems the anti-French sentiment at the time was so strong that whatever Le Nôtre did, Brown was likely to do the opposite. The most outstanding memory from the visit was the overwhelming confirmation that the French totally embrace Andre le Nôtre, a landscape designer, as part of their mainstream culture. He is considered one of their ‘greats’ and accorded due respect. We need to elevate the profile of Capability Brown to give him the recognition he deserves. One of the steering group’s aims is to get people out and about looking at Brown landscapes. We need to be part of that, explaining how the designs worked and how we, as 21st century designers, contribute to our modern landscapes.

More information can be found here

and here.

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