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Getting there with GLVIA3

I have read the book and been to the Master class; I am very prepared to admit that, overall, the third edition of the Landscape Institute’s (LI) Guidelines for Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment is a great step forward for the profession. It is well laid out, well written and moves from principles to process with clarity.

My one observation is the lack of emphasis on non EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) projects. Of course the LI should address the issue at the highest level but whilst we will have the occasional EIA work the majority of LVIAs in our practice are less complex though not necessarily smaller scale projects such as housing, utilities infrastructure and leisure. Several practitioners spoke to me at the Master Class to confirm this was also their experience.

There is a shift in the guidance from tables and matrices to professional judgement and a narrative approach. This suits us because we enjoy writing about landscape but whichever way it goes a rewrite of the practice methodology is required and that will need some thought. Wholesale NFL Jerseys Concern was expressed at the variations in the quality of LVIAs and perhaps the LI needs to think about training sessions in this area.

I was pleased to see that the effect on views from residential properties is given more emphasis but very surprised that there was debate at the Master Class as to whether this was essential. Since working on major highways in the 1970s I have always addressed the effects on residential properties whatever the development. Surely after construction disruption the change in view to the immediate surroundings of one’s home must rate pretty high up the scale?

Once, at a public exhibition for a major new road, a woman asked where her house was on the plan. It turned out it was under a north point so this was peeled off and repositioned so she could see her house in relation to the proposed road. This was reported in the local newspaper as ‘ Mrs Smith of 46 Acacia Avenue complained that she would be able to see the road from her house so the engineer picked up the road and it moved further away’. Oh that life was that easy……..

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It’s only a word

We landscape architects have a new word — susceptibility; in the new edition of the Landscape Institute’s Guidelines for Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment this is defined as ‘The ability of a defined landscape or visual receptor to accommodate the specific proposed development without undue negative consequences.’ In the past, in our practice, we have used ‘capacity’ for this then changed to ‘sensitivity’ after the issue of the draft guidelines. Now sensitivity is defined as ‘A term applied to specific receptors, combining judgements of the receptor to the specific type of change or development proposed and the value related to that receptor.’ I wonder how much time was spent on drafting those two definitions. More later when we have fathomed it all out.


If you follow this blog regularly you will have gathered that language fascinates me and particularly the words, or is it jargon, that applies to our work; keeping up is never-ending. We have a glossary on our website and have recently added or revised BIM, ecosystems services, green infrastructure, Wholesale NFL Jerseys heritage impact assessment, landscape urbanism, photomontage, three dimensional models, verified view montages and visually verified montages (VVM).

BIM, ecosystems services, green infrastructure, heritage impact assessment, landscape urbanism, photomontage, three dimensional models, verified view montages and visually verified montages, susceptibility, sensitivity, capacity, assessment, scoping opinion, environment

I do remember the arrival of ‘environment’ in the late 1960s to mean all things green. In 1967 Laurence Halprin, the eminent US landscape architect, described himself as ‘an environmental designer’ but I am not sure he would do so now. I recently asked a young barrister specialising in planning and environmental law what her job entailed. Planning is what you would expect — public inquires, enforcement notices and policy interpretation but environmental law is about nuisance, contamination and pollution. I might not be describing myself an environmentalist in the future.


The phrase that made me shudder when it was introduced was ‘scoping opinion’ — what an abuse of the English language and the human ear. Dr Johnson considered that the English language is like a weedy garden and words that are misused should be removed. Oh that I had that power. I looked up scope in Johnson’s dictionary which was published in 1755; he defined scope as aim or intent. I may not like it but I had to eat my words and admit that perhaps the meaning was not so far off.

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