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Seeing is believing

Take some time off work and go to an exhibition. I can recommend two. The first is at the National Maritime Museum in London and features the work of the iconic American landscape photographer Ansel Adams (1902 — 1984). He photographed natural and wilderness landscapes in west and southwest America, particularly in Yosemite National Park. By the use of a small lens aperture and a long exposure time the photographs are high definition and of superb quality. They are in black and white and sometimes sepia; some are small and some are as high as the gallery wall. There are no people in the photographs and the scale and viewpoint can be hard to fathom as the textures and patterns dominate. I had no idea how much he manipulated the prints in the dark room trying to capture a particular mood. Continue embellishing your photos in Photoshop — Adams would have loved it.

Adams believed that a photographer, like an artist, should create an image that reflected the emotion that was felt when taking the picture. This probably explains why those holiday snaps are so disappointing. The long climb of anticipation up the winding path to the viewpoint and the sudden burst of the panoramic view turns into a rather dull photo unless you take it with consummate skill and spend a day in the dark room.

Go and see how the master does it. I was re-energised and uplifted by these photographs — worth every penny of the entrance fee.

For ‘Looking at the View’ Tate Britain selected paintings, prints and photographs from three centuries of their collection to illustrate how we look at landscape. To their surprise (but, sorry, not mine) they concluded that people have been looking at the landscape in a similar way for rather a long time. From up high or down low, at ground level, through windows, archways and doorways and at all scales of landscapes, we have been looking outwards.Wholesale NFL Jerseys Most of the images contain people providing scale and context. When they face the viewer, the landscape says something about them; that lounging dandy looks just ready to inherit the park in the background. With their back to the viewer, the people become part of the character of the landscape and are often people working the land. A higher elevation brings drama but if the view is of cloudscape, the viewer will be at ground level. It seems we are all a little predictable when looking at landscape but perhaps this is the place in which we all belong.

I enjoyed both these exhibition because I connected with the content and the images refreshed the spirit. Make sure you find what refreshes you.

Ansel Adams / Photography from the Mountains to the Sea is at the National Maritime Museum in London until the 28th April 2013. Entry £7; concessions available. See http://www.rmg.co.uk/

Looking at the View is at Tate Britain until the 2nd June 2013. Free entry. See http://www.tate.org.uk/visit/tate-britain

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Setting the standards

The recent High Court decision that overturned permission for wind turbines near a historic site in Northamptonshire is an interesting development in the heritage debate. Four wind turbines were approved on appeal on a hill near the Grade I listed Lyveden New Bield that the National Trust describes as an ‘intriguing Elizabethan lodge and moated garden’. The description continues: ‘begun by Sir Thomas Tresham to symbolise his Catholic faith, Lyveden remains incomplete and virtually unaltered since work stopped on his death in 1605’. It features an unusual Tudor garden with ‘spiral mounts, terracing and canals’.

Given the unique nature of this fascinating site, it’s no surprise that the National Trust, English Heritage and East Northamptonshire District Council went to the High Court to challenge the Inspector’s decision. Mrs Justice Lang agreed it was legally flawed because the Inspector had failed ‘properly to interpret and apply the relevant planning policies on the effect of development on the setting of heritage sites, which meant that the balancing exercise was flawed’.

In recent years, English Heritage has been encouraging more emphasis on setting with publications such as The Setting of Heritage Assets. Put simply, some archaeologists would argue that each generation has added layers to the landscape, so as long as the asset is not physically damaged, a wind turbine is just another layer. English Heritage’s argument, often articulated by a landscape architect as part of a Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, is that the landscape surrounding the heritage asset creates its setting and is just as important as the asset itself.

Our photograph below of St Clement’s Church in west Thurrock explains why. If it looks familiar, it is; it was the location for Gareth’s funeral in the film Four Weddings and a Funeral. With the setting completely compromised, its use as a church is long gone and it is now a visitor centre.

The National Planning Policy Framework put more emphasis on setting and a duty on local authorities to assess the impact of development on a heritage asset. In our practice, requests for Heritage Impact Assessments are filtering through. It is early days but some are coming a little too late. They should be undertaken early on in the planning process so as to inform the design development. Wholesale NFL Jerseys As ever, we need new development to support our economy and community — it just has to be in the right place.


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