Setting the standards

The recent High Court decision that overturned permission for wind turbines near a historic site in Northamptonshire is an interesting development in the heritage debate. Four wind turbines were approved on appeal on a hill near the Grade I listed Lyveden New Bield that the National Trust describes as an ‘intriguing Elizabethan lodge and moated garden’. The description continues: ‘begun by Sir Thomas Tresham to symbolise his Catholic faith, Lyveden remains incomplete and virtually unaltered since work stopped on his death in 1605’. It features an unusual Tudor garden with ‘spiral mounts, terracing and canals’.

Given the unique nature of this fascinating site, it’s no surprise that the National Trust, English Heritage and East Northamptonshire District Council went to the High Court to challenge the Inspector’s decision. Mrs Justice Lang agreed it was legally flawed because the Inspector had failed ‘properly to interpret and apply the relevant planning policies on the effect of development on the setting of heritage sites, which meant that the balancing exercise was flawed’.

In recent years, English Heritage has been encouraging more emphasis on setting with publications such as The Setting of Heritage Assets. Put simply, some archaeologists would argue that each generation has added layers to the landscape, so as long as the asset is not physically damaged, a wind turbine is just another layer. English Heritage’s argument, often articulated by a landscape architect as part of a Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, is that the landscape surrounding the heritage asset creates its setting and is just as important as the asset itself.

Our photograph below of St Clement’s Church in west Thurrock explains why. If it looks familiar, it is; it was the location for Gareth’s funeral in the film Four Weddings and a Funeral. With the setting completely compromised, its use as a church is long gone and it is now a visitor centre.

The National Planning Policy Framework put more emphasis on setting and a duty on local authorities to assess the impact of development on a heritage asset. In our practice, requests for Heritage Impact Assessments are filtering through. It is early days but some are coming a little too late. They should be undertaken early on in the planning process so as to inform the design development. Wholesale NFL Jerseys As ever, we need new development to support our economy and community — it just has to be in the right place.


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